1 Lawson, Erma J. (2007) “Wading in the Waters: Spirituality and Older Black Katrina Survivors,” Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved,18.2: 341-354. Select Bipartisan Committee to Investigate the Preparation for and Response to Hurricane Katrina. Testimony of Major General Harold A. Cross, the Adjutant General of Mississippi. In: Select Bipartisan Committee to Investigate the Preparation for and Response to Hurricane Katrina. Hearing-Hurricane Katrina: preparedness and response by the Department of Defense, the Coast Guard, and the National Guard of Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama. Washington, DC: 109th Congress, Select Bipartisan Committee, 2005 Oct 27. U.S. Senate Subcommittee on Bioterriosm and Public Health Preparedness (SBPHP). Hearing on Hurricane Katrina: public health and emergency preparedness. Washington, D.C.: 109th Congress, SBPHP, 2006 Feb 9. Horner K. “Evacuee survey gauges storm’s mental toll.” Dallas Morning News. 2006 March 10:A1, A5.
3 Lawson (2007),
7 Hull, 2006
8 Evans, Kromm, & Sturgis, 2008. Jervis, 2008
9 Szabo, 2007
10 Hull, Pete (2006) “Heralding Unheard Voices: The Role of Faith-Based Organization and Nongovernmental Organizations during Disaster (final report),” Homeland Security Institute, Prepared for the Department of Homeland Security Science and Technology Directorate.
16 Worden, 2006
18 Table found in Szabo, 2007
19 Data from: http://unitedsikhs.org/Project_Accounts/US_Disaster_Response.pdf
20 ICNA Relief USA, After Action Summary Report
21 National Disaster Interfaith Network, Tip Sheet 1
22 Silver and Wicke, 2009
23 Hull, 2006
29 Hull, 2006
30 From Jamie Aten, Humanitarian Disaster Institute, Wheaton College. Personal correspondence.
31 Aniskoff, Paulette. Kaufman, David. Lumpkins, Donald M. (2011) “A Whole Community Approach to Emergency Management: Principles, Concepts and Pathways for Action,” Federal Emergency Management Agency
35 See Appendix 1 for counts and categorizations of congregations in four areas of California: Los Angeles, Oakland, Irvine, and Imperial County.
36 For example Rev. Cecil Murray’s role during the 1992 L.A. riots, see “Forging a New Moral and Political Agenda: The Civic Role of Religion in Los Angeles, 1992-2010.” Center for Religion and Civic Culture, University of Southern California.
37 Severson, 2011
39 De Vita and Kramer, 2008
43 See “Politics of the Spirit: Religion and Multi-Ethnicity in Los Angeles,” (1994); and “Forging a New Moral and Political Agenda” (2010), USC Center for Religion and Civic Culture, for descriptions of Murray’s many and varied community organized activities.
44 Covello, 1992
45 Philbin and Urban. Leavitt, 2003. Blanchard et al., 2005. O’Toole, Mair, & Inglesby, 2002.
51 In partnership with Peter Gudaitis and NYDIS, the authors have adapted the instrument to include measures that fit congregations into a four-tier system. See page 59 for a description of this system.
52 Hull, 2006
57 Hunt, 2006
63 Aten, Moore et al., 2008
64 Massey and Sutton, 2007. Chandler, McMillion, Stuart.
65 Schuster et al., 2001
66 Supra Note 59
67 Ai, et al
68 Aten, Graham et al.
70 From Lockwood and Miller
72 Philbin and Urban
73 “Communities of faith often found themselves in a position of offering counseling—both formally and informally—to displaced residents. For example, Catholic Charities Archdiocese of New Orleans reported that they offered crisis intervention and counseling to 864,547 people in a 2 ½ year period following Katrina. Similarly, Cain and Barthelemy (2008) reported that 40 percent of the churches in their study provided counseling to victims of the storm.” Chandler, McMillion, Stuart.
75 Abbamonte, 2009
77 Hull, 2006
78 From Hull, 2006
81 See “Opening the Gates: Congregations Confronting Gang Violence,” University of Southern California, Center for Religion and Civic Culture, 2012.
82 Found on: http://www.namb.net/dr/ Date Accessed: May 4, 2012
83 Available at http://www.nvoad.org/index.php?option=com_wrapper&view =wrapper&Itemid=41; accessed 5/4/2012.
84 De Vita and Kramer, 2008
86 Monroe, 2010
87 Monroe, 2010
89 Jayasinghe, 2007
90 Severson, 2011
96 This statement reads: “Respect is foundational to disaster spiritual care. Spiritual care providers demonstrate respect for diverse cultural and religious values by recognizing the right of each faith group and individual to hold to their existing values and traditions. Spiritual care providers: 1) refrain from manipulation, disrespect or exploitation of those impacted by disaster and trauma, 2) respect the freedom from unwanted gifts of religious literature or symbols, evangelistic and sermonizing speech, and/or forced acceptance of specific moral values and traditions. 3) respect diversity and differences, including but not limited to culture, gender, age, sexual orientation, spiritual/religious practices and disability.
97 Breed, 2008
102 http://www.thearda.com/rcms2010/; accessed 5/4/2012.
103 Hull, 2006
104 For an application of this model, see Appendix 1, Four Geographic Areas. We have applied it fully to the database of congregations and FBOs in Imperial County.
105 From: http://bettergivingsd.guidestar.org/NonprofitProfile.aspx?OrgId=1052151; see also http://www.sdinterfaithdisastercouncil.com/ and https://www.facebook.com/pages/Interfaith-Disaster-Council-San-Diego/117181605037576?sk=info. The IDC also works with other organizations such as the San Diego Office of Emergency Services and the Red Cross.
116 From: http://enla.org/
118 Aten, Leavell et al.
120 De Vita and Kramer, 2008
121 Aten and Topping, 2010
Brie Loskota is a contributing fellow and the former executive director (2016-2021) of the USC Center for Religion and Civil Culture.
Hebah Farrag is the assistant director of research of the USC Center for Religion and Civic Culture.
Richard Flory is the executive director of the USC Center for Religion and Civic Culture.